A researcher must be balanced, with a realistic understanding of what can be achieved. Being persuasive implies that researcher must be able to convince other researchers, research funding agencies, educational institutions and supervisors that the research is worth getting approval. The aim of the researcher should be clearly stated in simple language that describes the research in a way that non-specialists can comprehend, without use of jargons.
The proposal must not only demonstrate that it is based on an intelligent understanding of the existing literature but also show that the writer has thought about the time needed to conduct each stage of the research. The contents or formats of a research proposal vary depending on the requirements of evaluation committee and are generally provided by the evaluation committee or the institution. In general, a cover page should contain the i title of the proposal, ii name and affiliation of the researcher principal investigator and co-investigators, iii institutional affiliation degree of the investigator and the name of institution where the study will be performed , details of contact such as phone numbers, E-mail id's and lines for signatures of investigators.
The main contents of the proposal may be presented under the following headings: i introduction, ii review of literature, iii aims and objectives, iv research design and methods, v ethical considerations, vi budget, vii appendices and viii citations. Introduction is an initial pitch of an idea; it sets the scene and puts the research in context.
It should convey to the reader, what you want to do, what necessitates the study and your passion for the topic. If hypothesis cannot be constructed, the line of inquiry to be used in the research must be indicated. It refers to all sources of scientific evidence pertaining to the topic in interest. It is preferable to summarise each article in a paragraph, highlighting the details pertinent to the topic of interest.
How to Write a Ph.D. Concept Paper | Synonym
The progression of review can move from the more general to the more focused studies, or a historical progression can be used to develop the story, without making it exhaustive. The research purpose or goal or aim gives a broad indication of what the researcher wishes to achieve in the research. The hypothesis to be tested can be the aim of the study.
The objectives related to parameters or tools used to achieve the aim are generally categorised as primary and secondary objectives. It should be unmistakably tied to the specific aims of your study. In this section, the methods and sources used to conduct the research must be discussed, including specific references to sites, databases, key texts or authors that will be indispensable to the project. There should be specific mention about the methodological approaches to be undertaken to gather information, about the techniques to be used to analyse it and about the tests of external validity to which researcher is committed.
The components of this section include the following:[ 4 ]. Population refers to all the elements individuals, objects or substances that meet certain criteria for inclusion in a given universe,[ 12 ] and sample refers to subset of population which meets the inclusion criteria for enrolment into the study. The inclusion and exclusion criteria should be clearly defined. The researcher is expected to give a detailed account of the methodology adopted for collection of data, which include the time frame required for the research. The methodology should be tested for its validity and ensure that, in pursuit of achieving the results, the participant's life is not jeopardised.
The author should anticipate and acknowledge any potential barrier and pitfall in carrying out the research design and explain plans to address them, thereby avoiding lacunae due to incomplete data collection. If the researcher is planning to acquire data through interviews or questionnaires, copy of the questions used for the same should be attached as an annexure with the proposal. This addresses the strength of the research with respect to its neutrality, consistency and applicability.
Rigor must be reflected throughout the proposal. It refers to the robustness of a research method against bias. The author should convey the measures taken to avoid bias, viz. Consistency considers whether the findings will be consistent if the inquiry was replicated with the same participants and in a similar context. This can be achieved by adopting standard and universally accepted methods and scales. Applicability refers to the degree to which the findings can be applied to different contexts and groups. You want to stay up to date about water entrepreneurship?
Leonellha Barreto Dillon seecon international gmbh. Executive Summary. Concept papers help donor assess whether or not the proposed project is aligned with its funding priorities and enables them to offer suggestions to the applicant before the submission of a full proposal. As a concept note is much shorter than a full project proposal, less time and resources are needed to prepare a full project proposal. The preparation of concept notes costs time and money, and only in specific cases the project idea will fit a call of proposals. Financing programs requesting concept notes for the first step of the selection process usually demand documents with a number of pages and words, which are not enough to communicate the project idea, making the preparation of a concept note a challenge for the participants.
Concept notes are generally binding documents submitted to donor agencies. After a participant has been invited to submit a full proposal, usually the aim of the project should be kept for the second step. However, the most you will research and prepare the document, you will find that the idea could be changed and even improved, but it might not be accepted by the selection committee.
- How to write a research proposal?.
- How Do I Write a Grant?!
- essay scarlet letter hester.
- How to Write a Concept Note for Research;
- essays on broadcast journalism.
- essay elementary school.
- ancient china eroticism essay in love yu yun!
Factsheet Block Title. Factsheet Block Body. Background : it may be composed following two guiding questions: 1. Why it is crucial to address the problem identified? What has already been done to solve the problem? Objectives: they should relate to the more general objectives as previously agreed and entered into the local action plan.
Outputs: they should be directly related to the project objectives. Typically they are tangible items, such as a newly constructed technical facility, the publication of information materials, or events, such as workshops or stakeholder meetings. Depending on the project in question, intangible items might also be mentioned, such as a rise in awareness see PPT. Activities and duration: a summary of the planned activities to achieve the project objectives should be included here. It should contain: The expected benefits, both in quantitative and qualitative terms, and when and where they will occur; The underlying assumptions and the reasons why these benefits can be expected; for a specific group of beneficiaries; Considerations concerning how and by whom the impacts will be assessed.
Project management includes monitoring and evaluation : this section should explain how the objectives will be achieved and how the project will be managed and evaluated. It should become clear who will lead the project and what roles and responsibilities the various people in charge of tasks such as financial management, monitoring and evaluation will have.
Budget only if requested by the donor agency : before drawing up the budget, it is necessary to get an overview of the inputs needed to achieve the objectives. These may be, for example: people, travel costs, vehicles, equipment, supplies, services, works, facilities and overheads. Stay up to date about water entrepreneurship! Do not overwhelm the reader with details, but avoid sounding vague or unsure about what you want to accomplish.
Be positive and definite AUB Part A: According to the XY university mission statement, the university seeks to provide students with a safe, healthy learning environment.
Part B: Students living in dorms A B C, and D currently do not have air conditioning units, and during the hot seasons, it is common for room temperatures to exceed 80 degrees F. Many students report that they are unable to do homework in their dorm rooms. Others report having problems sleeping because of the humidity and temperature. The rooms are not only unhealthy, but they inhibit student productivity and academic achievement.
Part C: In response to this problem, our study proposes to investigate several options for making the dorms more hospitable.
We plan to carry out an all-inclusive participatory investigation into options for purchasing air conditioners university-funded; student-subsidized and different types of air conditioning systems. We will also consider less expensive ways to mitigate some or all of the problems noted above such as creating climate-controlled dorm lounges and equipping them with better study areas and computing space. Statement of Problem Template. Step 1 Statement 1 : Describe a goal or desired state of a given situation, phenomenon etc.
This will build the ideal situation what should be, what is expected or desired. Step 2 S tatement 2 : Describe a condition that prevents the goal, state, or value discussed in Step 1 from being achieved or realized at the present time. This will build the reality or the situation as it is and establish a gap between what ought to be and what is. Step 4 Statement 3 : Using specific details, show how the situation in step 2 contains little promise of improvement unless something is done. Then emphasize the benefits of research by projecting the consequences of possible solutions.
Here are some examples of how you can write a statement of the problem using the steps mentioned above:. The government of Kenya has a goal to industrialize the nation by the year quote. In this regard it has encouraged growth-oriented micro and small enterprises MSEs that should graduate into medium and large enterprises capable of contributing to the industrialization goal.
Despite the said government efforts, there is slow growth of micro into small enterprises and even slower growth of small into medium scale enterprises quote, show statistics. In order to accomplish their missions, public universities need motivated workforces. There are, however, frequent and severe disciplinary actions, absenteeism, as well as various forms of unrest in public universities which affect the accomplishment of the set missions. Our preliminary investigation reveals that both non-management and management staff are under motivated. The Ministry of Youth is dedicated to allocating enterprise development funds to both the youth and women.
These funds are made available in order to start entrepreneurial ventures that create and expand employment. Provide relevant statistics and quote. One of the main focuses of the ministry is consistency. Unfortunately, consistency in allocating funds to the next generation of recipients requires prior knowledge of previous allocations and established practices. The current continuous disbursement method does not allow for adequate analysis of previous disbursements before a current disbursement is done.
Continuing with this current disbursement method prevents consistency and causes decisions to become grossly political, which in turn inhibits the achievement of the goals of the funds. Developing a more informed disbursement system could help better implement the consistency focus of the ministry and at the same time help the ministry better monitor and evaluate its funds.
This proposed research aspires to explore options for a new funds disbursement system that would focus on consistency. To do this, the researcher will carry out a full stakeholder analysis and use it to propose appropriate policy interventions. Another way to write a statement of the problem is to use a template. Here is a simple template which might be useful for researchers:.